Sericulture is an important agro-based, labour intensive and export oriented cottage industry. It holds promise as an employment generating industry, especially in rural and semi urban areas.
- India enjoys the unique distinction of being the only country in the world to produce all four varieties of silk viz. mulberry,tasar,eri, and muga. Muga is produced only in India.
- India ranks second in the world, after China in silk production especially mulberry silk. Madhya pradesh ranks 3rd in non-traditional states of India.
- Sericulture sector is next to Handloom sector in generating employment.
- SilSilk is an export oriented product and is exported to more
than 50 countries like USA, U.K., Italy, UAE and Saudi
Arabia. Some European and Asian countries are main buyers of
- With a broad agriculture base, sericulture is seen as an effective tool for rural development and reconstruction.
To provide sustainable means of livelihood to the rural poor, small and marginal sericulture farmers by enhancing productivity through improved technologies. So as to achieve higher annual income per unit area.
Enhancement of cocoon productivity per unit in Mulberry and Tasar sector and to enhance the scope of Sericulture through cluster approach as a new activity for providing sustainable means of livelihood to the rural poor.
The Madhya Pradesh government started Sericulture in 1955 with establishing a few mulberry centers in district Indore. It was a completely a new and Non-traditional activity for the State and started with the objective of providing employment to the poor people of rural areas.
By the end of 1960, The extension activities in the Sericulture sector were taken up with the support of I.R.D.P. under the industrial department. Wherein farmer were involved in mulberru cultivation and rearing of worms.
These efforts for Sericulture were further intensified with the creation of separate Directorate of Sericulture in 1984.
At present Sericulture is practiced in mulberry as well as non mulberry sector.
Potential of Sericulture of MP
There is very important role of temperature and humidity to rear silkworms. Mulberry Silkworms are fed on mulberry leaves only. Mulberry is a deep rooted plant and requires at least one meter Soil depth.
Tasar Silkworm rearing is an outdoor activity and those worms are fed on leave of Saja, Arjuna and then secondary food plants. It also requires favourable temperature and humidity.
Function of Directorate
- Promotion and development of silk industry in the state.
- Developing and distributing healthy silkworm seeds.
- Technical guidance to farmers and beneficiaries for improved method of mulberry cultivation, silkworm rearing, silk reeling and spinning.
- Initiating measures of standardization and quality control of silk and silk products.
- Rationalization of marketing and stabilization of prices of silk cocoons and raw silk.
- Collection of statistics.
- Preparing and furnishing relevant reports relating to silk industry in the state to the State Government and Central Silk Board.
- To enhance sericulture activities and its marketability as a part of rural industry.
- To provide sustainable employment in rural areas through sericulture activities.
- To produce quality silk and by-products of silk by adopting latest innovative package of practices and render necessary services at village level in order to ensure its marketability.
- To ensure effective management of sericulture activities, active participation of beneficiaries and stakeholders.
- To boost up the value addition activities and its marketing.
- To facilitate backward and forward linkages to the people (beneficiaries) who are involved in all stages of sericulture activities